- An electric car that can go over 200 miles on a single charge?
- What modern day miracle is this?
- What if we told you that this modern day miracle is almost 100 years old? How about a plug in electric car from the early 1900##Q##s?
In 1914 a Detroit Electric went 241 miles on a single charge setting a new record! To be fair the car had a top speed of 25 MPH but that was almost 100 years ago and the new electric cars can go maybe 100 miles on a charge, on a good day, downhill, with a little breeze and a nice smooth road. In 1914 they were traveling over dirt roads or maybe at best cobblestone
Does this surprise you? Did you think electric cars are something new? Did you know that it is reported that in the early 1900##Q##s there were more electric cars on the road than gasoline powered explosion cars as they were called. “There are hundreds of explosions going on every minute in that gas engine, what if one of them goes wrong?
Most people think that electric cars are a recent phenomenon. The truth is that in the early 1900##Q##s the electric car was a common site on the American road. Electric cars were used in a large part by women and doctors. Doctors needed a car that they could get in and go and gasoline engines were not that easy to start or reliable. Because hand cranking a car was difficult to say the least and could be downright dangerous the electric cars were very popular with women. In fact one of the downfalls of early electric cars is that they were thought of as a women##Q##s car and men did not want to be seen driving them. In fact in the latter years the cars were built with what looked like a radiator in front. An example is the picture above of the 1912 Detroit at Stave Falls outside Mission B.C. The real killer for the electric car was the invention of the electric starter or at least the first working one in 1911 by Charles F. Kettering of Dayton Electric Laboratories (DELCO). It was first used in 1912 by Cadillac.
Interesting note: The expression that someone is “cranky” comes from trying to start a crank car with out much success. When it would not start it was being cranky!
There were of course other factors in the demise of the electric car. The price of a Detroit Electric in 1914 was about $2,650 and if you wanted to upgrade to the Edison Nickel Iron batteries that went up about $600. At the same time you could buy two new model T##Q##s for that same $600.
Thomas Edison and Henry Ford decided to work together to make the electric car the main transportation in U.S.. There goal was to have charging stations where people could “fill up” their cars. Henry##Q##s wife Clara refused to drive gasoline cars or “explosion cars” as they were called (mostly by electric car salesman”. Her 1914 model 47 resided at Fair Lane from 1914 thru the 1930##Q##s. There is 1 1915 currently on display at the Ford museum in Detroit. Henry Ford was reportedly quoted saying that he would die a failure if he did not die broke and planned on spending his fortune to make the electric car the mainstay of American transportation. There are stories of mysterious fires at Edison##Q##s laboratories and the impression is that these were caused by the early oil cartels. Whether that is true or not I have no idea.
Detroit Electric History
In 1907 the Anderson Carriage company produced their first electric car. The Detroit Electric was rated at 80 miles per charge with the record of over 211 miles on one charge. 100 years latter we have electric cars that can go well over 100 miles on a charge. The early electric car had a top speed of about 20 mph while today##Q##s electric cars can do over 75 mph.
The Anderson Carriage Company started producing carriages in 1884. They changed their name to the Anderson Electric Car Company in 1911. In 1920 the name was changed again this time to The Detroit Electric Car Company. The company filed for bankruptcy after the stock market crash in 1929. A.O. Dunk bought out the company and kept it alive until a few years after his death in 1936. During this time the company built cars by order only. The last Detroit Electric was shipped on 2/23/39
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