#electricVehicle #ElectricCar – Plug-in electric cars in pre-production and testing (2009-2014)

January 20th, 2013 § Comments Off on #electricVehicle #ElectricCar – Plug-in electric cars in pre-production and testing (2009-2014) § permalink

List of modern PEV automobiles, pickups, vans and SUVs
in field testing and pre-production
Model Type
Original MRSP(2)
/Lease per month
(current $)
(EV mode
for PHEVs)
PEVs currently undergoing field testing or demonstration programs
Ford Escape Plug-in Hybrid
Not available
30 mi (48 km)
Field testing with 20 units began in 2009 with utility company fleets in the U.S. and Canada.[176]
Volvo V70 Plug-in Hybrid
Not available
20 to 30 km (12 to 19 mi)
Field testing with two demonstrators in Göteborg, Sweden since December 2009.[177] Sales of a series production diesel-electric plug-in hybrid scheduled as early as 012.[178]
Suzuki Swift Plug-in
¥2 million
30 km (19 mi)
Field testing with 60 units in Japan scheduled for late 2010.[179]Sales are slated for 013.[180]
Audi A1 e-tron
Not available
31 mi (50 km)
Field testing planned for late 2010 with 20 units in Munich.[181]
Hyundai BlueOn
Not available
86 mi (138 km)
Field testing with 30 units in South Korea by late 2010. Sales scheduled by late 012 limited to domestic market.[182]
Tata Indica Vista EV
110 mi (180 km)
Field testing in the West Midlands began in April 2011 with 25 units. Market launch in the UK was scheduled for mid 2011 and postponed. Demonstration program in the UK will continue with Tata employees.[184][185]
Dodge Ram 1500 Plug-in Hybrid
Not available
20 mi (32 km)
Field testing in the United States with 140 units began in 2011 with local and state governments, utility companies, and a U.S. Army base. This is a demonstration program only, and Chrysler has no plans for a production version.[186][187]
In September 012 Chrysler halted the program and recalled all 109 units deployed at the time due to damage sustained by three separate pickup trucks when their 12.9-kilowatt-hour battery packs overheated. The carmaker plans to upgrade the battery packs with cells that use a different lithium-ion chemistry before the vehicles go back on service.[188]
Mercedes A-Class E-Cell
Leasing only
(pricing not available)
124.3 mi (200 km)
Demonstration program with 500 cars was scheduled to begin in September 2011 in several European countries, includingGermanyFrance, and the Netherlands.[189][190]
Volkswagen Golf blue-e-motion
Not available
150 km (93 mi)
Field testing planned with 500 units.[191] The first 10 units began field testing in Wolfsburg in May 2011.[192] A second batch of 80 test cars began testing in mid-2011 in Berlin,Hannover and Wolfsburg.[193] In February 012, field testing began in California, and a total of 20 eGolfs will be allocated to the U.S. test program.[194] Sales are scheduled for 014.[195]
Volkswagen Golf Variant Twin Drive
Not available
57 km (35 mi)
Field testing with 20 research vehicles began in early 2011.[196] Production is expected for 2015.[197]
Chrysler Town & Country plug-in hybrid
Not available
30 mi (48 km)
A two-year demonstration program with 25 E85 flexible-fuelplug-in minivans began in April 012. The first units were delivered in Auburn Hills, Michigan and Charlotte, North Carolina.[198][199]
The demonstration program was halted in September 012, and Chrysler recalled the 23 units deployed at the time due to damage sustained by three separate Dodge Ram 1500 Plug-in Hybrids participating in a parallel program when their battery packs overheated. The carmaker plans to upgrade the battery packs shared by both vehicles with cells that use a different lithium-ion chemistry before the vehicles go back on service. No minivans were involved in any incidents.[188]
Audi A3 e-tron
Not available
70 to 75 mi (110 to 121 km)
Field testing in the U.S. began by mid 012 with a fleet of 17 all-electric A3s. The testing is conducted among Audi##Q##s engineers and company employees only. Release of a plug-in hybrid version scheduled for 014 in the U.S. and Europe.[200][201]
Saab 9-3 ePower
Not available
200 km (124 mi)
Field testing with 70 ePower demonstrators in Sweden was scheduled for late 2011.[202] It is unknown how many cars were built before the carmaker went bankrupt.[203] The new owners,NEV Sweden, have stated that they intend to start producing the all-electric 9-3 ePower to be launched in China by late 013 or early 014.[204]
Sail Springo EV
RMB 258,000
130 km (81 mi)[205]
A limited number of cars are scheduled to be sold in Shanghaiin 013 as part of a trial program.[205]
Venucia e30
Not available
Not available
Dongfeng Nissan plans to start pilot projects in 15 Chinese cities to promote the Venucia e30 with local governments in 013. The car is scheduled for production in China by 2015, and the e30 shares many features of the Nissan Leaf, including bodywork, dimensions, and electric-drive specifications.[206][207]
156 mi (251 km)
Electric city car was scheduled for mass production in late 2010 or early 2011.[208]
Kia Ray EV
Not available
138 km (86 mi)[209] Production limited to 2,500 units to be delivered in 012 forSouth Korea##Q##s government agencies use.[209]
Scion iQ EV(U.S.)
Toyota eQ (Japan)
¥3.6 million
85 km (53 mi)[211]
Market launch is scheduled in Japan and the U.S. in December 012.[210] Initially Toyota announced that production will be limited to 600 units, with 400 staying in Japan, 100 units destined to the U.S. and another 100 for Europe.[212] In September 012 Toyota announced that the iQ EV/eQ production will be still more limited, to about 100 units for special fleet use in Japan and the U.S. only.[210]
~€14,995 (intercity)
~€9,995 (city)[213]
Intercity100 mi (160 km)
City50 mi (80 km)
Production was scheduled for late 2010 with deliveries slated for early 2011. City version uses lead acid batteries. Prices do not include batteries.[214] The market launch in India was rescheduled for late 012.[215]
Rimac Concept One
310 miles[217]
Production was scheduled for late 013. the car is capable of reaching 190 mph.
Ford Fusion Energi
21 mi (34 km)[219]
U.S. sales scheduled to begin by early 013.[220]
Honda Accord Plug-in Hybrid
13 mi (21 km)[221]
Sales scheduled to begin in California and New York on January 15, 013.[221]
Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV
Not available
55 km (34 mi)[222]
Sales scheduled to begin in the Japanese market in the first half of 013, followed by the European and North American markets later on. The Outlander P-HEV is expected to become the first SUV plug-in hybrid in the market.[222]
Fiat 500e
80 mi (130 km)[224]
The concept version was called 500 Elettra, and the production version, unveiled at the 012 Los Angeles Auto Show, was renamed Fiat 500e.[225] Initially the 500e will be available only in California, with market launch scheduled for 2Q 013.[223]
Chevrolet Spark EV
Not available
Sales are scheduled for 013 in limited quantities and selected global markets, including California, Oregon, Canada and South Korea.[226][227] The production version was unveiled at 012 Los Angeles Auto Show.[228]
Volkswagen e-Up!
Not available
80 mi (130 km)
Market launch is scheduled for 013.[229]
BMW i3
BEV and
PHEV option
~130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi)
Market launch is scheduled for late 013.[231] A “REx” range extender option will be offered.[232][233]
Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive
Not available
125 mi (201 km)[234]
Sales are scheduled to begin in Europe in 013 and expected to be launched in the U.S. in 014.[234]
Porsche 918 Spyder
15 mi (24 km)[235]
Production scheduled to begin in September 013. Production will be limited to 918 units to be sold as a 014 model year. Car is capable of reaching 100 mph (160 km/h) in all-electric mode.[235]
Cadillac ELR
Not available
40 mi (64 km)
Scheduled for U.S. market launch by late 013 as a 014model year.[236]
BMW i8
More than
35 km (22 mi)[238]
Sales are scheduled to begin in 014.[231]
Tesla Model X
up to
Up to 270 mi (430 km)[239]
Production is scheduled to the end of 013 and deliveries to commence in 014.[239][240]
Fisker Atlantic
Not available
30 mi (48 km)[241]
Production was scheduled for 013, and later postponed for late 014 or 2015.[242]
Notes: PHEVPlug-in hybrid vehicle, BEVBattery electric vehicle or electric car. (1) Plug-in conversions are not included. (2) Sales price does not reflect any government incentives or tax credits.

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